new vehicle emissions paper

The Australian Government released the background briefing paper – Cleaner, Cheaper Cars to Run – New Vehicle Efficiency Standard for Australia in January 2024 and plan to enact legislation in 2024. Download the full paper here. The Govt Infrastructure Dept came up with 3 scenarios and ask interested parties to provide submissions by early March 2024. Supposedly the preferred legislation will be completed in 2024.

These 3 scenarios are business as usual, moderate introduction of international standards and fast adoption. Option 2 and 3 is to raise vehicle emissions to that of the USA. Only Australia and Russia have low or no regulation.

Transport in Australia contributes about 20% to emissions. Electrifying the fleet, and implementing new vehicle emissions standards all contribute to lowering emissions.


3 Options for Fuel Savings and Emissions Reduction

Option 2 would bring Australia into the USA regulations by 2029 and fast option 3 by 2027

From Cleaner cars

Other Data from Publication

New Vehicle Sales

New Vehicles 2023NumberPercentage
Passenger vehicles (including most SUVs)890,82376.46%
Light commercial vehicles (including some utes and vans274,18523.54% 
Total1,165,008 100%

Australia’s vehicle fleet (2022)

  • Total Fleet
    • 19.9 million light vehicles
    • 20.7 million vehicles including heavy vehicles and motorcycles
  • Average vehicle age
    • 10.7 years for passenger vehicles
    • 11.1 years for light commercial vehicles
  • Average price of a car
    • $40,916 (purchase price)
    • $50,161 (transaction cost – includes dealer-delivery fees, factory-fitted options and dealer-fitted accessories)

Changes in Car Parc

Passenger Cars449,987378,470315,932221,103221,556203,056211,361
LCV (Light Commerical Vehicles)236,608237,972225,635205,597253,254256,382274,185
Cars per capita4.56%4.36%3.97%3.38%3.88%3.96%4.37%
Households (m)
New cars per household13.72%12.93%11.65%9.90%10.85%10.91%12.01%
The 2018 Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE) report on the light vehicle fleet provides an estimate of the composition based on 2018 data and suggests:
Total light vehicles: 16.2 million
Passenger Vehicles (PVs): 78% (12.7 million)
Light Commercial Vehicles (LCVs): 17% (2.7 million)