European battery Gigafactory

European car manufacturers have announced a number of European battery gigafactories over the past 2 years. There are older factories, but the race is on to rapidly increase supply chains. It takes a few years to build a factory, and then they need to have the supply of materials such as lithium or graphite. The manufacturers are signing up new miners for a range of minerals and battery manufacturers. They are looking for low carbon batteries and minerals such as graphite.

  • Existing factories provide enough batteries for about 4m vehicles
  • Newly announced factories could provide enough batteries for a 13m vehicles
  • Given the existing vehicle demand is for 20 million cars a year, this suggests that 100% of all new cars could be electric by 2025 / 2026.

Tesla has already said it would produce electric semi-trucks, which use more than 10 times the amount of batteries of an average electric car, and it could also produce battery cells for stationary storage applications like Powerwalls, Powerpacks, and Megapacks.

European battery Gigafactories

RankCompanyLocationStart DateCapacity GWhExpandedCarsNotes
1LG Energy SolutionWroclaw, Poland20184570940,000
2SK innovationKomarom, Hungary, Plant 120207.57.5100,000
3Samsung SDIGoed, Hungary20202.520270,000by 2028
4Envision AESCSunderland, UK20102.52.540,000
5LeclancheWillstatt, Germany202012.340,000by 2024
6AMTE PowerThurso, Scotland20221570,000
7BolloreErgue-Gaberic, France20090.50.510,000
8AkasolLangen, Germany20180.30.820,000
9LiaconOttendorf-Okrilla, Dresden, Germany20190.30.310,000
10TesvoltGermany20200.250.2510,000Energy Storage
11Samsung SDI Battery SystemsPremstatten, Graz, Austria20150Former plant of Magna Steyr
12AMTE / BritishVoltBlyth, near Newcastle, UK20233535470,000
13ItalvoltItaly20243570940,000
14BMZ / Terra & othersKarlstein, Germany?3434460,000
15Morrow BatteriesArendal, Norway2024832430,000
16ListromNorth Rhine Westphalia, Germany?3030400,000
17SK innovationIvancska, Hungary, Plant 32024530400,000
18Zorlu / GSR CapitalTurkey20222525340,000
19TeslaGruenheide, Germany202102503,340,000Gigafactory 2022
20Northvolt ZweiSalzgitter, Germany20241624320,000
21VerkorFrance20231650670,000
22CATLErfurt, Thuringia, Germany2022141001,340,000
23MicrovastBrandenburg, Germany20211212160,000
24Northvolt EttSkelleftea, Sweden2021840540,000by 2024
25InobatVoderady, Bratislava, Slovakia20210.110140,000
26SK innovationKomarom, Hungary Plant 220229.816220,000
27Automotive Cell Company (SAFT/Stellantis)Hauts-de-France, France2023824320,000by 2030
28Automotive Cell Company (SAFT/Stellantis)Kaiserslautern, Germany2024824320,000by 2030
29Samsung SDIPlant 2, Goed, Hungary20217.57.5100,000
30Farasis EnergyBitterfeld-Wolfen, Germany2022616220,000
31SVOLTUberhelm, Germany2023624320,000
32Lithops / FAAMTeverola, Napoli, Italy20210.22.540,000(military, industrial and storage applications)
33FREYRMo I Rana, Norway202240540,000
34GSR CapitalTrollhättan, Sweden2020?25340,000
35PanasonicNorwayNot yet announced0MoU with Equinor & Norsk Hydro
36Blackstone ResourcesBraunschweig, Germany0Initially 100m battery cells
37Akasol – Gigafactory 1Darmstadt, Germany20212.5570,000
Totals346.951035.1513,950,000
Data from ABB and Updated with press releases.

European Sites Map

Vulcan graphic shows the locations across Europe.

From Vulcan Shareholder presentation 2022 Jan
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