solid state battery announcements

Solid state battery announcements from mulitipe companies are in the press almost weekly. They may be the next big thing in battery technology. Many think of Toyota’s failure with solid state batteries. A saga stretching back to 2009 is here. An announcement by Schaeffler, a major OEM manufacturer from Europe was made at CES 2024 and reported by Yahoo.

Why Solid State?

Here are some of the most commonly mentioned benefits. While the year of expected delivery is mostly 2 to 3 years away, conventional batteries or semi-dry technologies are rapidly catching up.

  • Increased Energy Density. Solid-state batteries can potentially hold 2-5 times more energy per unit volume than lithium-ion batteries, which translates to:
  • Longer range for electric vehicles, Imagine an electric car with a driving range of 500-1000 miles on a single charge.
  • Smaller and lighter devices. Smartphones, laptops, and other portable electronics could be much more compact and energy efficient.
  • Faster Charging. Solid-state batteries can potentially charge significantly faster than lithium-ion batteries, taking as little as 15-30 minutes to reach full capacity. This could significantly reduce charging anxiety for electric vehicle owners.
  • Improved Safety. Solid-state batteries eliminate the flammable liquid electrolyte found in lithium-ion batteries. Less prone to overheating, fire, and explosions. This is a major safety improvement for both consumer electronics and electric vehicles.
  • Longer Lifespan. Solid-state batteries can potentially last for thousands of cycles, compared to hundreds for lithium-ion batteries. This means they would need to be replaced much less frequently, reducing waste and cost.
  • Wider Operating Temperature Range. Solid-state batteries can operate in a wider range of temperatures than lithium-ion batteries. Makes them suitable for use in extreme environments.
  • Environmentally Friendly. Solid-state batteries can use less toxic materials than lithium-ion batteries.
  • Longer lifespan with reduced need for replacements result in a smaller environmental footprint.

Conventional Batteries Catching Up

Solid state batteries are difficult technology. The promise is there, but semi-solid or semi-dry such as Tesla battery efforts are closing the gap. While solid-state batteries have the potential to be a game-changer, improvements to current battery technology and the development of sodium-ion batteries could impact their widespread adoption.

List of Ten Solid State Company Announcements

CompanyYear of AnnouncementYear Expected DeliveryNotesPress Release Link
Toyota20092025 (pilot production)15 years of promises Toyota
Schaeffler20232026 (pre-series production)Schaeffler
QuantumScape20152024 (limited production) Qantum Scape
Solid Power20172025 (pilot production) Investor Place
Samsung SDI20222027 (mass production)Samsung
CATL20202025 (pilot production)Originally 2030, but accelerated R&DCarScoops
Panasonic20172027 (mass production) Panasonic
LG Chem20212028 (mass production) LG
SK Innovation20202025 (pilot production) Autodesk
ProLogium20062024 (limited production) Prologium
BYD20172024 (pilot)Working towards SSB. 76 patents BYD
Gotion High-Tech19952026Currently semi solid-state 360Wh/kg Gotion
Ganfeng Lithium20002023Currently semi-solid-state 360Wh/kg Ganfeng Lithim
Welion20162023Semi solid state. Welion
Adden Energy20232023 LabLithium metal Anode replaces graphite anode
6,000 cyles
C4 (10 minutes) charging)
Yahoo press release
Adden Energy Home page
AmpCera20242024Demonstrated 80% charge in 15 minutes (C4)
400Wh/kg, 1,000 cycles) Lab
Ampcera release
Solid state annoncements from companies

Solid State Battery Technology

Many sites explain how. Flash Battery has these 2 images. (https://www.flashbattery.tech/en/how-solid-state-batteries-work/ I

QuantumScope

In Q3, 2023, Quantumscope reported that while the commercial target remains 800 cycles to 80% energy retention, their top-performing A0 prototype cell in one prospective customer’s battery testing labs achieved over 1,000 full cycle equivalents with over 95% discharge energy retention. The customer-specified test conditions of C/3 charge and C/2 discharge was with standard temperature and pressure conditions, and 100% depth of discharge.

More Reading

From Sakua 2018 (1)
  1. Sakuda, Atsushi. (2018). Favorable composite electrodes for all-solid-state batteries. Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan. 126. 675-683. 10.2109/jcersj2.18114.