Tesla grid and home batteries

Tesla grid and home batteries with the grid battery called the Megapack and the Home scale battery called Tesla Wall have continued their drive down in cost and increase in energy density. With a drive for renewable energy by 2025, products in grid storage are needed for grid services and to provide short duration reliability.

In Sept 2022, a number of announcements and industry rumours demonstrated that the Tesla solution of providing turnkey solutions is continuing to ramp up in volume and decrease in prices. Tesla is known for its Tesla cars, but the energy division of solar roofs, solar panels and home and grid energy is a multi-billion business and has been constrained by technology and supply constraints.

Storage Increasing

Tesla grid and home batteries
From ir.tesla.com June financials

Tesla Home Storage – Powerwall

Tesla Home storage solution – the Powerwall with batteries, invertor and battery management systems. This is version 2, and latest version 3 has changed some features

Many other manufacturers have introduced the home storage system from 5 to 20kWh packs

Tesla PowerPack – Industrial Batteries

Applications that need 100kW or more use the Powerpack

tesla grid and home batteries used in commercial applications
Tesla Powerpacks are widely used at charging stations to provide high flow electricity
Powerpack – for energy storage for industrial users.

Tesla Grid Battery – The Megapack

Back in 2019, Tesla launched the Megapack; it was Tesla’s third stationary energy storage product after the Powerwall (home battery solution of ~10kWh and Powerpack. The Powerpack is a bigger unit with 100 kWh (first generation) and 210 kWh (2nd generation) of storage for commercial and utility grid use.

The Megapack is a utility sized system (https://www.tesla.com/utilities)

A single Megapack unit is a container-sized “3 MWh battery system” with integrated modules, inverters, and thermal systems. Tesla claims that 50+
countries with 10GWh plus deployed storage, and 1000+ industrial Installations

With the bigger size and integrated power electronics, Tesla claims that the Megapack is 60% more energy-dense than its Powerpack. It also comes on-site, ready to install and can ship in containers.

Most recently, Electrek reported the capacity had increased to 3.9 MWh capacity. That’s about 50% more energy capacity in a single Megapack, but the battery system is now 2m longer and 60% heavier at 38. tonnes. Previously it was 7.14 m x 1.60 m (23 ft 5 in x 5 ft 3 in)

The cost is $2,414,070 for a project with a single Megapack. But the price goes down considerably for a bigger project. For example, a 10-Megapack project costs $19,235,700. With 38.5 MWh of capacity, the price per kWh goes down to $500, with further reduction to $475 per kWh for even larger 100+ Megapack projects.

Scaling Up of Production of Batteries

Batteries have been limited and delivery schedules were out for 15 months. Most recently in an interview, Tesla said they had enough batteries for demand and the most recent information is that they are planning to produce over 40 GWh of Megapacks per week. A CNBC report stated Tesla is on target to produce 442 Megapacks during the third quarter of 2022, representing an 85% growth over Megapack production in the previous three-month period.” Along with those 42 Megapacks a week, Tesla is also producing approximately 6,500 Powerwalls a week.

  • Lathrop CA USA is ramping up the megapack factory to 10,000 units pa (40GWh)
  • Announcement for construction of a similar 10,000 (40GWh) in Shanghai China
  • Closure of megapack production out of Reno Nevada USA
  • Rumours of another factory to be announced by the end of 2023

Tesla maintains its 2030 target of 1,500GWh annual energy storage deployment.

Virtual Power Plants (VPP)

Tesla is a leader in VPP – where thousands of home batteries are controlled by an operator to provide virtual power plant services – where thousands of small home batteries with about 10 to 20kWh services can provide effectively a single battery. Other battery suppliers can fit into these VPP plants. VPP exist in multiple places in Australia (South Australia, Melbourne, Sydney) and most recently in California, where Tesla’s California VPP is proving its mettle yet again, supporting the grid with more than 20MW of energy amid a scorching heat wave.

LocationNumber of UnitsApproximate Size
Adelaide Australia1,000 in 2018
5,000 in 2022
Target 50,000
Melbourne Australia1,000
Target 20,000
Ohm Connect California2,80020MWh
Statkraft (UK, Germany)2GW in UK
12GW in Germany
Next Kraftwerke9.8MWh
Sunrun California3005MWj
From https://www.prosperoevents.com/biggest-virtual-power-plants-in-the-world/

Comparison of Li-Ion, Pumped Hydro and Flow Batteries

From Michael Barnard Clean Technica https://cleantechnica.com/2024/01/12/pumped-hydro-accelerating-into-grid-storage-future/